Half a million Israelis live in over a hundred settlements outside of Israel. AJ+ takes a critical look at the growth of these settlements and discusses why this issue is so contentious.
Israeli settlements are residential areas built by Israel on occupied Palestinian territory primarily for Jewish communities. However, such settlements are illegal under international laws. The settlements are a violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention, which forbids states from transferring their citizens to occupied lands. The Israeli government encourages settlement by offering lower tax rates, subsidized housings, and easy loans. The settlers are heavily protected by the Israeli army and they get exclusive use of many roads built on Palestinian lands. Israeli settlers in the West Bank are bound by Israeli civil law. Palestinians in West Bank, on the other hand, live under Israeli military rule.